Carl C Gaither was bom in 1944 in San Antonio, Texas. He has conducted research work for the Texas Department of Corrections and for the Louisiana Department of Corrections. Additionally he has worked as an Operations Research Analyst for the past ten years. He received his undergraduate degree (Psychology) from the University of Hawaii and has graduate degrees from McNeese State University (Psychology), North East Louisiana University (Criminal Justice), and the University of Southwestem Louisiana (Mathematical Statistics). Alma E Cavazos-Gaither was born in 1955 in San Juan, Texas. She has worked in quality control, material control, and as a bilingual data collector. She received her associate degree (Telecommunications) from Central Texas College.